Archivos C40

Movimiento Filibustero Cubano (1849 – 1856)

La Toma de Cardenas

Los filibusteros de Narciso López tomaron Cárdenas, Cuba,, el 19 de mayo de 1850. La bandera rebelde aparece en la Casa Capitular en llamas.

A continuación una colección de documentos y libros provenientes de los archivos de “Latin American Studies”. Todos los documentos, libros e imágenes provienen directamente de los archivos de la citada institución, y han sido incluidos en nuestro sitio para el uso y beneficio de todos los interesados en donocer los inicios de lo que posteriormente sería nuestra guerra de independencia.

Narciso López - Proclamación de 1850

Narciso López – Proclamación de 1850

Narciso López y filibusteros cubanos

Narciso López y filibusteros cubanos

Mapa de Cuba

 

ACTIVISTAS

Database of Filibuster Activists and Supporters

Cuban Filibusters in Nicaragua

Agramonte, Gaspar de

Aguero y Aguero, Joaquin de

Aldama Alfonso, Miguel de

Allen, John «Jack»
Angulo Guridi, Alejandro

Arango, Agustín A.  

Armenteros Muñoz, Isidoro de

Arnao Alonso, Juan

Balser, James

Barton, William H.

Bellido de Luna, Juan

Betancourt Cisneros, Gaspar

Bombalier, Santiago

Breckenridge, Newton Colbert

Breckenridge, Robert H.

Brown, Levi

Bunch, McDonough J.

Crisler, Leonard

Crittenden, William L.

Davis, Ezekiel C.

Davis, John Eayers

Dear, Joseph C.

Estrampes Gomez, Francisco

Facciolo Alba, Eduardo

Fayssoux, Callender I.

Ford, John «Rip»

Frias Jacott, Francisco de

Gardiner, George A.

Gener Family

Goicouría, Domingo de

Gonzales, Ambrosio José

Gournay, Francis Paul de

Guiteras Family

Harney, Benjamin Mills

Harris, Thomas

Hawkins, Thomas T.

Higgins, John F.

Hoy, Thomas P.

Johnson, Albert W.

Kennedy, Thomas J.

Kentucky Filibuster supporters

Knight, W. T.

Kookogey, Samuel J.

Knott, Clark

Laine, Francisco Alejandro

Lama, John

Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte

Loño, Angel de

López, Narciso

Lovell, Mansfield

Luce, Alonzo B

Macias, Juan Manuel

Mádan, Cristobal

Mahan, Francis C.

Mann, Robert

Martin, James M.

McCann, John

McCleskey, George A.

McDerman, John

McDonald, Edmund H.

McGuffin, John

Mendive, Rafael Maria

O’Hara, Theodore

O’Sullivan, John L.

Oaksmith, Appleton

Pickett, John Thomas

Pintó, Ramón

Pomeroy, Augustus

Ponce, Antonio

Quintero, José Agustín

Quitman, John

Rawlings, Carroll

Reading, John

Redding, William

Robinson, Henry

Rosis, Tomás M.

Saco, Jose Antonio

Sánchez Yznaga, José María

Sayre, Burwell Bassett

Schlesinger, Louis

Scott, Malbon K.

Scott, Dr. Samuel S.

Sigur, Laurent J.

Smith, Joseph A.

Soule, Pierre

Spalding, Randolph

Taylor, Joseph W.

Taylor, Marion Cartright

Teurbe Tolon, Emilia

Teurbe Tolón, Miguel

Thrasher, John Sidney

Titus, Henry Theodore

Tosca, Basilio N.

Triplett, Robert S.

Turla, Leopoldo

Valiente, Porfirio

Villaverde, Cirilo

Walker, William

Wayne, Richard

Wheat, Chatham Roberdeau

WIlliams, John Stuart

Wilson, Fielding C.

Winston, Thomas M.

 

LIBROS y PANFLETOS

– A Flibustiero. Life of General Lopez, and History of the Late Attempted Revolution in Cuba. (1851)

– Acuña Ortega, Victor Hugo, ed., Filibusterismo y Destino Manifiesto en las Américas (2010)
Alvarez Pedroso, Antonio. Miguel de Aldama (1948)

Apuntes históricos sobre la espedición pirática que invadió la isla de Cuba en mayo de 1850 (1850)

Argilagos, Francisco R. Proceres de la Independencia de Cuba (1916)

Battles of Cuba! (1852)

Bellido de Luna, Juan. La Anexion de Cuba a los Estados Unidos (1888)

Bernal, Emilia. Francisco Aguero y Estrada: El Solitario (1935)

Betancourt, Gaspar and J. S. Thrasher. Addresses Delivered at the Celebration of the Third Anniversary in Honor of the Martyrs for Cuban Freedom (1854)

Bland, William. The Awful Doom of the Traitor; or the Terrible Fate of the Deluded and Guilty(1852)

Boggess, F. C. M. A Veteran of Four Wars (1900)

Boyd, Jesse W. Lopez’s Expeditions to Cuba

Brownson, Orestes Augustus. Opiniones de un anglo-americano acerca de la espedicion cubana y los anexionistas(1850)

– Caldwell, Robert Granville. Lopez Expeditions to Cuba 1848-51 (1918)

Castellanos G., Gerardo. Panorama Historico: Ensayo de cronologia cubana desde 1492 hasta 1933 (1934)

Castro de Morales, Lilia. Impresos relativos a Cuba editados en los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica (1956)

Coleccion de los partes y otros documentos publicados en la Gaceta Oficial de La Habana referentes a la invasion de la gavilla de piratas capitaneada por el traidor Narciso Lopez (1851)
Comunicaciones reservadas al Gobierno Supremo (Feb. 1850-Marzo 1851) Boletin del Archivo Nacional, Julio-Agosto 1918.

Correspondence Between the Treasury Department, &c., in Relation to the Cuba Expedition, and William Freret, Late Collector (1851)

Delaplain, Sophia. A Thrilling and Exciting Account of the Sufferings and Horrible Tortures Inflicted on Mortimer Bowers and Miss Sophia Delaplain, by the Spanish Authorities, for a Supposed Participation with Gen. Lopez in the Invasion of Cuba (1851)

Fernandez de Castro, Jose Antonio. Medio siglo de historia colonial de Cuba: Cartas a Jose Antonio Saco ordenadas y comentadas (1823 a 1879) (1923)

Fernandez Fernandez, Justo. Don Narciso Lopez y Uriola, el Centauro del Rey: Sus años de actividad en Cuba (1823-1826 / 1841-1851) Caracas, 1992.

– Garcia Valdes, Pedro. La idea de la anexion de Cuba a los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica fue una consecuencia circunstancial del momento (1947)

Gonzales, Ambrosio Jose. Manifesto on Cuban Affairs Addressed to the People of the United States: Sept. 1, 1852 (1853)

– Gonzalez, Diego. Historia Documentada de los Movimientos Revolucionarios por la Independencia de Cuba de 1852 a 1867, Tomo I (1939)

– _____. Historia Documentada de los Movimientos Revolucionarios por la Independencia de Cuba de 1852 a 1867, Tomo II (1939)

Hardy, Richardson. History and Adventures of the Cuban Expedition (1850)

– Jones, Alexander. Cuba in 1851 (1851)
Lansing, Marion F. Lopez and His Times. Liberators and Heroes of the West Indian Islands (1953)

– Llaverias, Joaquin. La Comision Militar Ejecutiva y Permanente de la Isla de Cuba (1929)
_____. «La Voz del Pueblo Cubano» Contribucion a la Historia de la Prensa Periodica (1959)
Madan, Cristobal. Contestacion a un folleto titulado: Ideas sobre la incorporacion de Cuba en los Estados Unidos, por Don Jose Antonio Saco (1849)

– Maicas y Dominguez, Antonio M. Homenaje al patriota Bernardino Hernandez (1951)

Manifiesto de la Junta Cubana al Pueblo de Cuba (1855)

May, Robert E. El Bajo Mundo Del Destino Manifiesto (2011)

– Morales y Morales, Vidal. Iniciadores y primeros martires de la revolucion cubana (1901)
_____. Iniciadores y primeros martires de la revolucion cubana, tomo 2 (1931)
_____. Iniciadores y primeros martires de la revolucion cubana, tomo 3 (1931)

O.D.D.O. The History of the Late Expedition to Cuba (1850)

Pickens, Lucy Holcomb (H. M. Hardimann). The Free Flag of Cuba; or the Martyrdom of Lopez (1854)

Portell Vila, Herminio. Narciso Lopez y su epoca, tomo 1 (1930)
_____.  Narciso Lopez y su epoca, tomo 2 (1952)
_____.  Narciso Lopez y su epoca, tomo 3 (1958)
_____. Narciso Lopez, presursor de la independencia de Cuba. Vidas de la Unidad Americana. (1944)

Quisenberry, Anderson C. Lopez’s Expeditions to Cuba 1850 and 1851 (1906)

Ramirez Hoyos, Vicente. ¿Quien salvó a Cuba en 1851? (1870)

Rodriguez, Jose Ignacio. Estudio historico sobre el origen, desenvolvimiento y manifestaciones practicas de la idea de la anexion de la isla de Cuba a los EE.UU. (1900)

Roig de Leuchsenring, Emilio. Los primeros movimientos revolucionarios del general Narciso Lopez (1848-1849) (1950)
_____. Homenaje a los martires de 1851 (1951)

– Rosengarten, Jr., Frederick. Freebooters Must Die! (1976)

Rovira, Carlos A. y Carlos Echevarne. El coronel Ordoñez y Cuba en 1851 (1867)

Sanguily, Manuel. Propositos del General Narciso Lopez (1894)

Torrente, Mariano. Bosquejo economico politico de la isla de Cuba (1852)

Un cubano. La Anexion de Cuba y Los Peninsulares residentes en ella (1853)

Una accion heroica (1865)

Villaverde, Cirilo (a Flibustiero). Life of General Lopez, and History of the Late Attempted Revolution in Cuba
Works of Daniel Webster, Vol VI, (1890)

Zaragoza, Justo. Las Insurrecciones en Cuba, Tomo I (1872)

 

TESIS Y DISERTACIONES

The Diplomatic Career of Pierre Soule (J. A. Reineke, Jr., 1914)

Cuba in American Foreign Relations (1848-1861) as Shown in Messages of the Presidents and Debates in Congress (Robert W. Mosley, 1930)

A Local Study in «Manifest Destiny»: New Orleans and the Cuban Question During the Lopez Expeditions of 1849-1851 (C. Stanley Urban, 1938)

The Life of Appleton Oaksmith: Its Latin American Aspects (John Jay TePaske, 1953)

The Public Career of George Washington Towns (G. Wilson Page, Jr., 1970)

Empire for Slavery: Economic and Territorial Expansion in the American Gulf South, 1835-1860 (Kimberly Ann Lamp, 1991)

PERIÓDICO “LA VERDAD” (1848)

La Verdad
La Verdad Newspaper

ARTÍCULOS PERIODÍSTICOS

1848

January-August 1849
September-December 1849

January-June 1850

July-December 1850

January-April 1851

May-August 15, 1851

August 16-September 14, 1851

September 15-December 1851

1852

January-June 1853

July-December 1853

1854

1855

1856-1860

The Attack on Cardenas: A Reliable andAuthentic Account by Officers Engaged in the Expedition Missouri Republican, June 23, 1850.

Cuba The American Whig Review, July 1850, 107-108.

The Threatened Cuba Invasion (N.Y. Weekly Herald, May 3, 1851)

Correspondence of the Herald, Boston Herald, Aug. 11, 1851,2

Monthly Record of Current Events, Harper’s Magazine. Oct. 1851, 692.

«Important From Cuba,» Baltimore Sun, Aug. 23, 1852, 1

The Trial and Conviction of the Publishers of the Voice of the People (N.Y. Herald, Sept. 21, 1852)

«Cuban Anniversary,» Texas State Gazette (Austin), Sept. 16, 1854, p. 28

Filibusterism in America, New York Herald, Feb. 10, 1858

Cuba and the Ostend Manifesto, Harper’s Monthly Magazine, May 1870, 898-901.

Interesting Incidents in the Career of a Veteran of Five Wars–Mexico, Cuba and Nicaragua, Times (Troy, NY), Dec. 13, 1888, 2

The First of the Filibusters: Reminiscences of the Lopez Expedition of 1850The State (Columbia, S.C.), Jan. 20, 1897, 6

Será colocado un obelisco en Islas Mujeres, Diario de la Marina, octubre 20, 1955, 3

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Anglo-American Filibusters and the Gadsden Treaty. J. Fred Rippy. The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 5, No. 2. (May, 1922), pp. 155-180.

The Africanization of Cuba Scare, 1853-1855.  C. Stanley Urban. The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 37, No. 1. (Feb., 1957), pp. 29-45.

Cuba and the Tripartite Treaty. Edward B. Bryan. Southern Quarterly Review, Jan. 1854, 1-17

Cuban Filibustering in Jacksonville in 1851 Antonio Rafael de la Cova. Northeast Florida History Journal, Vol. 3, 1996, pp. 17-34.

Daniel Webster and the Politics of Foreign Policy: 1850-1852 Kenneth E. Shewmaker. The Journal of American History, Vol. 63, No. 2. (Sep., 1976), pp. 303-315.

Documents: Bleeding Kansas and Spanish Cuba in 1857: A Postscript (Kansas History, Winter 1988-1989)

The Domestic Consequences of American Imperialism: Filibustering and Howard Pyle’s Pirates. Robert E. May. American Studies, Summer 2005

Epilogue to the Missouri Compromise: The South, the Balance of Power, and the Tropics in the 1850s. Robert E. May. Plantation Society, June 1979, 201-225.

Expediciones Filibusteras Contra Cuba 1848-1860. Juan Pedro Yaniz Ruiz. Historia y Vida. Enero 1983.

The Cuban Expedition. Brownson’s Quarterly Review, October 1850.

The Ideology of Southern Imperialism: New Orleans and the Caribbean, 1845-1860. C. Stanley Urban. Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Jan. 1956, 48-73

The Kentucky Regiment that Invaded Cuba in 1850 Antonio Rafael de la Cova. The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. Autumn, 2007, pp. 571-615.

The Knights of the Golden Circle: The Career of George Bickley. Ollinger Crenshaw. The American Historical Review, Vol. 47, No. 1. (Oct., 1941), pp. 23-50.

The Late Cuba Expedition. De Bow’s Review, August 1850.

Lobbyists for Commercial Empire: Jane Cazneau, William Cazneau, and U.S. Caribbean Policy, 1846-1878 Robert E. May. The Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 48, No. 3. (Aug., 1979), pp. 383-412.

Lopez’s Expeditions to Cuba. The Gulf States Historical Magazine, March-May 1904.

Mr. Everett and the Cuban Question. Southern Quarterly Review, April 1854, 429-470

Narciso Lopez y el anexionismo en Cuba, en torno a la ideologia de los propietarios de esclavos. Candelaria Saiz Pastor. Anuario de Estudios Americanos, 1986.

The Navy and Filibustering in the Fifties United States Naval Institute Proceedings, April, May, June, July, August, September 1918

Reconsidering Antebellum U.S. Women’s History: Gender, Filibustering, and America’s Quest for Empire. Robert E. May. American Quarterly, Dec. 2005.

Recortes de periodicos de Cuba sobre los sucesos de Cardenas.Boletin del Archivo Nacional, Julio-Dic. 1920.

Reseña oficial de lo ocurrido en Cardenas cuando la invasion del General Narciso Lopez Boletin del Archivo Nacional, Enero-Dic. 1926.

Southern Designs on Cuba, 1854-1857 and Some European Opinions. Gavin B. Henderson. The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 5, No. 3. (Aug., 1939), pp. 371-385.

Southern Expansionism: Urban Interests in the Cuban Filibusters. Richard Tansey. Plantation Society, June 1979, 227-251.

Sugar, Slaves, and the Politics of Annexationism: Cuba, 1840-1855. Anton L. Allahar. Colonial Latin American Historical Review, Summer 1994, 281-304.

The Proposed Anglo-Franco-American Treaty of 1852 to Guarantee Cuba to SpainTransactions of the Royal Historical Society, 4th Ser., Vol. 13. (1930), pp. 149-185.

The Taylor Administration Versus Mississippi Sovereignty: The Round Island Expedition of 1849. Antonio Rafael de la Cova. The Journal of Mississippi History. Winter 2000, pp. 1-33.

Review of Tom Chaffin’s Fatal Glory: Narciso Lopez and the First Clandestine U.S. War Against Cuba (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1996), The Florida Historical Quarterly, Summer 1997, pp. 88-90.

Young American Males and Filibustering in the Age of Manifest Destiny: The United States Army as a Cultural Mirror  Robert E. May. The Journal of American History, Vol. 78, No. 3. (Dec., 1991), pp. 857-886.

Young America. M. E. Curti. The American Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 1, (Oct. 1926), 34-55.

 

THE CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE

1848

1849

1850

1851

1852

1854

 

THE UNITED STATES MAGAZINE AND DEMOCRATIC REVIEW

Cuba, Sept. 1849.

General Lopez, the Cuban Patriot, Feb. 1850, 97-112.

The Late Cuba State Trials, April 1852, 307-319.

The Neutrality Law: What Does it Mean, What Prohibit and What Permits, June 1852.

The Spaniards at Havana and the Whigs at Washington, Oct. 1852, 326-336

Personal Narrative of Louis Schlesinger, of Adventures in Cuba and Ceuta (I), Sept. 1852, 210-224

Personal Narrative of Louis Schlesinger, of Adventures in Cuba and Ceuta (II), Oct. 1852, 352-368

Personal Narrative of Louis Schlesinger, of Adventures in Cuba and Ceuta (III), Nov.-Dec. 1852, 553-592

The Cuban Debate, Nov. and Dec. 1852.
The Cuban Debate–Postscript, Nov. and Dec. 1852.

The Order of the Lone Star, Jan. 1853, 80-85.
Cuba: Philosophy of the Ostende Correspondence, June 1855.

GACETA DE MADRID

Octubre 1848

Enero 1849

HARPER’S NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE

Three Weeks in Cuba, by an Artist (January 18953)

ANTHEMS

Anthem of Narciso Lopez

AUTOBIOGRAFÍA DEL OBISPO ANTONIO MARÍA CLARET

Confessor of four Puerto Principe insurgents

CELEBRACIÓN DEL CENTENARIO

U.S. Embassy Havana, Despatch 677, March 24, 1950 (Cuban Invitation for Representatives of the United States Armed Forces to Participate in the Celebration of the First Centennial of the Cuban Flag)

CARTOONS

The Great Naval Blockade of Round Island (Library of Congress)

The American Rover-General Wot Tried to Steal a Cuba (Puck)

La Hazañas del pirata López (Havana)

Gen. Lopez the Cuban Patriot Getting His Cash

CAT ISLAND

Cat Island newspaper articles 1871

Cat Island (Ray M. Thompson)

The Unparalleled Past of Cat Island (James J. Stettler)

With Casinos Calling, Island Won’t Cash In

U.S. CONSUL AT MATANZAS

Thomas M. Rodney Letter Book, 1849-1853

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Correspondence on the Lopez Expedition to Cuba 1849-51

Miscellaneous Letters July-Oct 1849

Miscellaneous Letters March-May 1850

Miscellaneous Letters June 1850

Miscellaneous Letters July 1850

Miscellaneous Letters Aug-Sept 1850

Miscellaneous Letters Oct-Dec 1850

Miscellaneous Letters Jan-Feb 1851

Miscellaneous Letters March-May 1851

Miscellaneous Letters June-Aug 1851

Miscellaneous Letters September 1851

Miscellaneous Letters October 1851

Miscellaneous Letters Nov-Dec 1851

U.S. NAVY

Bauer, K. Jack, ed. Naval Affairs, Vol.2, North America Antifilibustering Activities 1849-1855
Round Island Expedition: Defence of the Navy (1849)

Miscellaneous Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy (August-November 1849)

Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy from Commanders (August-November 1849)

Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy from Commanders (April-August 1851)

Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy from Commanding Officers of Squadrons (June 1849-November 1850)

Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy from Commanding Officers of Squadrons (March 1851-April 1852)

LA BANDERA CUBANA

La Bandera de Narciso López

La Bandera de Narciso López

– Santovenia, Emeterio. La bandera de Narciso Lopez en el senado de Cuba (1945)

– Tolon, Edwin T. La Bandera Cubana: La Historia de su Creacion, Prensa (San Antonio, Texas). May 22, 1949, 31

The Cuban Flag, Springfield Daily Illinois State Register, Aug. 1, 1898, 4

– Sanguily y Arizti, Manuel. La Bandera de Narciso Lopez (1950)

– Llaverias, Joaquin. La bandera cubana en un proceso por conspiracion. Boletin del Archivo Nacional, enero-diciembre 1950.

– Quintana, Jorge. 12 Banderas Cubanas Historicas.

– Smith, David. Bandera cubana ondeo en Nueva Orleans por primera vez en 1850. El Miami Herald, mayo 20, 1977, 8

Museo Historico Cultural Juan Santamaria, Alajuela, Costa Rica

La Bandera de Walker

El General Jose Victor Zavala y la captura de la bandera cubana

 

DOCUMENTOS

Narciso Lopez Proclamations of 1850

Col. M. C. Taylor’s Diary in Lopez Cardenas Expedition, 1850

Filibuster Correspondence (1849-1851)

Primer Acta del Consejo de Gobierno Superior (Nov. 14, 1849)

Carta de la Junta Suprema a Narciso López (Nov. 22, 1849)

Primer Acta de la Junta Suprema (Nov. 29, 1849)

Doctrina del periódico La Verdad (Enero 20, 1850)

Ideas fundamentales para una constitución provisional (Enero 9, 1850)

Proyecto de arreglo entre Narciso López y el Consejo Cubano (Febrero 1850)

Relato de José M. Navarro, empleado de la Aduana de Cárdenas

Secret Code Used by the Filibusters

Statement of the Kentucky Regiment

Causas Instruidas en Cuba, Puerto Principe y Trinidad (1851)

Resumen de los acontecimientos politicos ocurridos entre noviembre 1854 y junio 1855

 

EMBLEMAS

Coat of arms

Havana Club Flag

FRANMASONES

Filibusters and Freemasons: The Sworn Obligation Antonio Rafael de la Cova. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 17, No. 1. (Spring, 1997), pp. 95-120.

Minutes, Solomon’s Lodge No. 1, Savannah (1850-51)

GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE

Affairs in Cuba (Baltimore Sun, Sept. 21, 1850)

Havana Correspondence (Boston Daily Evening Transcript, March 27, 1851)

Affairs in Cuba (Daily Ohio Statesman, April 14, 1851)

Departure of Garibaldi for California (Boston Daily Evening Transcript, April 30, 1851)

Further News of the Cuba Expedition (Baltimore Sun, May 3, 1851)

Movements of Distinguished Individuals (N.Y. Weekly Herald, May 3, 1851)

Cuba (Milwaukee Daily Sentinel & Gazette, June 4, 1851)

Garibaldi arrived in Panama (Baltimore Sun, Oct. 8, 1851)

MILICIA DE FEORGIA

Georgia Militia, Chatham County, 1848-56

Georgia Militia, Cherokee County, 1849

Georgia Militia, Glynn County, 1848

Georgia Militia, Muscogee County, 1846-49

KENTUCKY

Kentucky filibusters in the Confederacy
Kentucky State Politics in the Early 1850’s (Wallace B. Turner)

History of Shelby County, Kentucky (George L. Willis, Sr.)

Memorial History of Louisville (J. Stoddard Johnston)

Steamboats at Louisville and on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers (Arthur E. Hopkins)

LOCACIONES (PUNTOS DE INTERÉS)
Banks Arcade (New Orleans)

The Battle of Cárdenas: May 19, 1850

Cárdenas, Cuba

Cárdenas, Cuba  (panorama)

Filibuster Monument  (Louisville, Kentucky)

Mujeres Island, Mexico

Last Lopez Expedition

MAPAS

Cardenas Jail 1848

Cárdenas, Cuba

Cardenas 1851

Coastal Georgia in 1849

Kentucky counties 1846

Round Island, Mississippi

Round Island nautical map

BASE DE DATOS DE NOMBRES

19th Century Name Database

 

PERIÓDICOS

Cincinnati Nonpareil (1850-1851)

El Pueblo (New York, Junio 29, 1855)

 

PAMPERO

Wreck of the steamer Pampero off the coast of Myrtle Beach, S.C.

SWLLOS

Centenario de la Bandera Cubana 1850-1950

VÍDEOS

Confederate Colonel Ambrosio Jose Gonzales: A Soldier Under Two Flags

Book Discussion on Slavery, Race, and Conquest in the Tropics by Prof. Robert May (C-SPAN Nov. 16, 2014)

PRISIONEROS DE LA ÚLTIMA EXPEDICIÓN

21 released expeditionaries traveling from Cadiz to New York, Aug. 25, 1854

Referencias

[1] Latin American StudiesThe Cuban Filibuster Movement (1849 – 1856)
[2] Latin American Studies Cuba

 

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